Does a ‘modular DSLR’ make any sense

Does a 'modular DSLR' make any sense?

Nikon Rumors: continues to debate the 'modular' DSLR.

The first serious camera I used was a modular camera - my dad's Nikon
F1 Photomic. But that was built in the days when cameras were
mechanical systems. Does a modular camera make any sense in the
digital age?

The question is not only relevant to cameras, Norman asked the same
question of mobile devices themselves in 'The disappearing computer'.
So lets consider where modular makes sense.

Every professional DSLR is modular: lenses are interchangeable. Camera
bodies develop over time. Lenses represent a substantial fraction of
the cost of a complete camera and necessarily involve some form of
compromise with respect to performance, weight, cost and focal
length(s) supported. Even if cost were no object, a 14-400 mm f/1.4
constant aperture lens would be undesirably heavy and unwieldy.

Modular makes sense when:

1) Some parts of the system are likely to become obsolete over time
but a significant fraction of the value of the system is vested in
parts of the system that are likely to retain their value.

2) The suitability of the system for a particular purpose depends on a
component supporting a range of functionality that cannot be
adequately supported in a single instance using generally available

Both criteria apply to cameras and lenses. Bodies become obsolete
every 2 years or so but a lens design generally remains acceptably
close to the state of the art decades after it is introduced.
Professional photographers queue up to buy new bodies the day they are
announced but few would consider it essential to trade in their lenses
as aggressively.

So does a modular body make sense with respect to the first criteria?
Well lets consider where the majority of the cost goes. In rough order
of decreasing cost I would guess the breakdown would be something
like: sensor, cpu, calibration, body, display.

The sensor and the CPU are both developing rapidly over time. There is
no point in putting a 20MP sensor in a camera with a CPU designed to
support a 10MP sensor. Bigger sensors will demand bigger CPUs. There
is no particular advantage to using a lower resolution sensor with a
higher capacity CPU. Modularity makes no sense on this criteria.

Neither the body nor the display vary markedly in ways that make
support for modularity desirable. The design constraint of modularity
would almost certainly negate any imaginable advantage here. Moreover
each body is designed around a particular CPU and sensor combination.
So modularity makes no sense on the second criteria either.

There is however one area where modularity might make sense and that
is to allow the CPU capabilities of the body to be supplemented by an
outboard CPU. This does not make a great deal of sense for taking
still photographs but makes very good sense if one is shooting very
high definition video.

I suspect that it is no coincidence that the Sony 12MP DSLR chip
supports slightly greater resolution than the ultra-high definition 4K
format used in movies. The 8Hz maximum frame rate is very close to the
24HZ minimum for persistence of vision.

Nikon has an unrivaled range of professional lenses. If it developed
an F-mount body for cinematography it would probably become the
industry standard in a very short period of time. Processing the raw
data rate off the chip in real time is probably beyond what current
generation processors could perform in real time but well within the
capabilities of a high end PC workstation with modern graphics

If there is a 'modular Nikon' I would expect it to be a dedicated back
for shooting high definition video for cinema with the job of capture
delegated to a dedicated off-camera processor/storage module. The back
would not be a DSLR back at all, it would be a multi-sensor 3CCD back
designed to capture the video and perform lightweight compression to
allow the resulting RAW feed to be captured to disk over a wired 1Gb
Ethernet connection.

Such a device would cost upwards of $10K with $20K being the likely
starting point, lenses being extra.

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  • Wolfgang

    What about Rollei 3003 oder Hasselblad HD ?

    The cubic modular ist the better way

  • nobody

    I think you missed the point here.

    Modularity allows one body to overcome the physical size limitations imposed on the photosites. I see this as a D3 style body that takes sensors in 24, 12 and 6 mp sizes. The processor would be speced to the 24 mp chip so it would provide even better perfomance at the small sizes. But the 12 and 6 mp chips would offer radically better ISO performance than the 24, and would provide substantial improvement in the overall function of the camera. So a shooter could take one body to a location, and when the sun went down, switch to 6 mp sensor and be ready to go.

    I think that fully satisfies criteria 2, and is probably what Nikon is thinking. After all the CPU is largely irrelevant to this discussion. On the pro cameras, size of the body tends to be the limiting factor for the CPU, and there is no real trade off, a better CPU is simply better, while 24 mp is better for some tasks, and 6 mp is better for others. So the CPU in the D3x is up to the task on smaller sensors. But smaller sensors, because of the physical size of the photosites, provide a function that the larger chip simply can’t.


  • In support of modularity, you could have a modular D3 or D3X, with 3 optional sensors (the CPU would be optimized for the sensor with the greatest performance needs):

    1) 24mp FX
    2) 12mp FX
    3) 12mp DX

    This gives you options for high resolution FX (without high ISO capability), high ISO capability (without high resolution capability), and cropped sensor for telephoto applications (without high ISO capability or high resolution capability).

    So you could own one camera and install the right sensor for the right application. This should be cheaper and handier than owning 3 different DSLRs.

    When you figure many pros will shoot for all 3 scenarios and want at least 1 backup camera, this really makes sense. It should be cheaper to have 2 modular bodies than to buy several specialized bodies.

  • Franz

    My statement is that Nikon has already the modular camera(s)!

    They hav 3 cameras and will add most probably another 2-3 in the next 12 month all based on the same set of tools:

    2 base bodies
    EXPEED processor with More or less the same software
    51 point AF
    LCD screen

    By mixing up differently and reusing the technology they can bring up new cams easily and with less R&D cost/unit.

    Whatever sensor they introduce they can use it in at least two cameras and two market segments.

    They gave up on differentiation but gained flexibility. Current set of cams D300/D700/D3 share so much and are all top in their segments. Just a new sensor would add two other models.

    Modularity does not mean that you can exchange YOURSELF a part, it means you can benefit from same technology in various combinations.

    I work for a big IT provider and we do exactly the same in our products.

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